Municipal water systems generally go unnoticed by a city’s residents until a problem arises. Water companies work tirelessly to provide clean drinking water for their customers, and there are many aspects involved in keeping a water system running smoothly.
A city’s water system can be very complex, and regularly evaluating the system can be a serious endeavor. In addition to fixing problems such as burst pipes, water crews can survey the pipes to detect problems before they become major issues. Flow monitoring, dye flooding, video inspection and smoke testing sewer lines are all ways that water authorities can assess the structural integrity of a city’s pipes. This sort of maintenance cuts down on waste and helps save the city money.
There are standards regarding water treatment systems that ensure citizens have access to clean, healthy drinking water. Lead, copper and other contaminants need to be kept below certain levels. If high levels are detected in a municipality’s water supply, the residents must be notified. Every state is allowed to set their own limits on these contaminants but must meet the minimal guidelines set forth by the EPA. To detect the levels of contaminants in the drinking water, a sanitary survey must be performed. A proper survey assesses every part of the water treatment process, from the water source to treated water storage.
Water treatment is not a static field. Innovation and creativity allow local water services to get clean drinking water to residents efficiently. Everything from updating water meters and improving data collection methods helps cities better understand their needs and usage levels. More environmentally-friendly methods of treatments, such as filtered membrane covers and ozone systems allow water authorities to continue providing high-quality water processing while also protecting the environment.
Water processing has been an integral part of city planning for hundreds of years. Local water authorities are working hard to maintain water lines today while also utilizing new technologies to continue providing clean drinking water well into the future.